Where is Nepal

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south, east, and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.

Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nepal

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Where is Nepal Located on a World Map

World Map, Nepal Geography Position
World Map, Nepal Geography Position

Capital City: Kathmandu
Population: 30 Million
Language: Nepalese, English & 129 dialects
Currency: NRS Nepalese Rupeese (USD 1 = NRS 109.00 approx)
Time Zone: (GMT+05:45)
Electricity: Type C (European 2-pin), Type D (Old British 3-pin),Type M (see D)
Dialing Code: +977 1 9851053024
Government: Republic

Himalaya mountain range, view from summit of Mera Peak in Nepal's Sagarmatha Zone. Mount Everest, Lhotse and Lhotse Shar (hidden by clouds, left), Peak 41 in center with Baruntse behind; Makalu (8,485 m) and Mount Chamlang (7321 m) to the right.
Himalaya mountain range, view from summit of Mera Peak in Nepal’s Sagarmatha Zone. Mount Everest, Lhotse and Lhotse Shar (hidden by clouds, left), Peak 41 in center with Baruntse behind; Makalu (8,485 m) and Mount Chamlang (7321 m) to the right.

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Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site (WHS) Seven Monuments and Buildings
Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site (WHS) Seven Monuments and Buildings
A rainy day in Lumbini, the place where, according to Buddhist tradition, in 563 BCE Queen Maya devi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama, who later became the Gautama Buddha.
A rainy day in Lumbini, the place where, according to Buddhist tradition, in 563 BCE Queen Maya devi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama, who later became the Gautama Buddha.

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Interesting  Facts about Nepal

  • Location

Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia. The Himalayan range runs across the northern part of Nepal. It is bordered by Tibet (China) to the north and by India to the south, east and west.

  • Climate

Nepal’s climate is tropical in the south, temperate in the hills and arctic in the high altitude areas. There are five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter, and spring. In summer, temperatures in Kathmandu reach 30 degrees Celsius whilst it can be 45 degrees Celcius in the low-lying Terai region. Winter in the mountains can be very cold with sub-zero temperatures. Even Kathmandu can be chilly with temperatures just above zero degrees.

  • Land

Nepal is a small country, approximately 800 kilometers long and 200 kilometers wide, with an area of 147,181 square kilometers. It is home to eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, including the highest point on earth, Mount Everest, reaching 8,848 meters. It also has vast low-lying plains. Three major river systems originate in the mountains and flow into the river Ganges in India. Only 20 percent of the land is cultivatable and 29 percent is covered in forest. Deforestation is a serious problem in Nepal because of the growing demands for firewood and grazing.

  • Religion

The main religion in Nepal is Hinduism, practiced by approximately 80 percent of the population. Buddhism, although officially practiced by only about 10 percent of the population, has an important following since Nepal is the birthplace of Buddha. Other religions include Islam and Christianity.

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  • Government and Economy

Nepal was a Kingdom until 2008 when it abolished the monarchy and became a democratic republic. It is ruled by a president and the government is headed by the prime minister. Widespread political instability has resulted in constant changes of government. No government has survived more than two years since 1991. A civil war lasting for 10 years (1996-2006) resulted in the death of more than 13,000 people.

Until 1951, Nepal was an isolated agricultural society, without schools, hospitals, and electric power. Since that period, basic infrastructures have been developed. Foreign assistance still accounts for 50 percent of the budget for development. Eighty percent of the population is engaged in agriculture. Tourism is an important source of income in trekking regions and larger cities.

  • Production

Tea, rice, corn, millet, wheat, sugarcane, jute, and tobacco. Besides this modern farming has improved the production of new crops and production.

  • Food

Dal bhat tarkari (rice, lentils and vegetable curry) is the main dish eaten throughout Nepal. Tibetan cuisine is popular in mountain areas and cities.

  • Music

There is a wide range of popular music in Nepal, both modern and traditional. Each of the 36 ethnic groups has traditional folk songs in its own language, which remain very popular with all ages. Many songs tell of the hardship of life in Nepal.

  • Sport

Football and cricket are the most popular sports played by Nepali people. Foreigners, however, know the country best for its trekking and mountaineering in the great Himalayas.

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  • Education System in Nepal

Until 1951, Education in Nepal was banned by the ruling Rana family. Today, education is still not compulsory though primary education is free. Even until the 1980’s, very few girls were sent to school. This contributed to very poor literacy rates which are still low at just 58 percent. In fact, only 76 percent of children complete primary school and only 29 percent attend secondary school.

Schools, especially those in rural areas, are often inadequately resourced, and staffed by untrained or poorly trained teachers who use rote learning methods. Children learn to only memories information and rarely question or analyses. Most rural schools are the Nepali language, with English language schools in cities. At the end of a Grade 10, national level secondary education examination is conducted. As students must pass every subject, the success rate remains low, particularly in rural areas.